Electronic Journal of University of Aden for Basic and Applied Sciences https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA University of Aden en-US Electronic Journal of University of Aden for Basic and Applied Sciences 2708-0684 Vol. 4 No. 4 (2023): EJUA-BA: December https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/292 Abdulrahman Ahmed Mohren Copyright (c) 2023 Abdulrahman Ahmed Mohren https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 4 4 MEASUREMENT OF NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY IN TAP WATER SAMPLES FOR SELECTED REGIONS IN ADEN GOVERNORATE, YEMEN https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/294 <p>In the present work, we have measured specific activity concentrations of in eleven tap water samples for selected regions in Aden governorate by using high purity germanium detector (HPGe). The (HPGe) detector (CANBERA-model 7229N, USA) with an efficiency of 35% and energy resolution (2.6keV) at energy (1332.6keV) for <sup>60</sup>Co, the high purity N-type semiconductor detector with physical characteristics of (geometry closed-end coaxial, (3×3 inch). The results have shown that, The highest value of specific activity concentration of <sup>226</sup>Ra was found in in T7 Daar-Saad region which was equal to (0.525±0.29)Bq/L, while the lowest value of specific activity concentration of <sup>226</sup>Ra was found in T11 Aden Assughra region which was equal to (0.017±0.006)Bq/L with an average value of (0.228±0.13)Bq/L. The highest value of specific activity concentration of<sup> 232</sup>Th was found in in T5 Khor-makser region which was equal to (0.319±0.18)Bq/L,&nbsp; while the lowest value of specific activity concentration of <sup>232</sup>Th was found in T11 Aden Assughra region which was equal to (0.009±0.001)Bq/L with an average values of (0.129±0.089)Bq/L. The highest value of specific activity concentration of (<sup>40</sup>K) was found in in T2 (Al-Ma<sup>,</sup>allah) region which was equal to (0.4±0.26)Bq/L, while the lowest value of specific activity concentration of (<sup>40</sup>K) was found in T11 Aden Assughra region which was equal to (0.027±0.004)Bq/L with an average values of&nbsp; (0.141±0.021)Bq/L respectively. The annual ingestion effective dose (AED) ranged from (3.05 to 98.77μSv/y), (5.67 to 178.16μSv/y), and (3.41 to 119.08μSv/y), with average values of 42.65μSv/y, 78.62μSv/y and 48.62μSv/y, for infants, children and adults respectively. The excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR) have been calculated, its values were lower than the world’s average value of (0.29×10<sup>−3</sup>) as reported by EPA. The overall annual effective dose and cancer risks corresponding to radionuclide intake in tap water were below the recommended maximum values. It was inferred from the findings of this study that the water used as the sample does not have any significant radiological impacts to human body and is safe to be used as drinking water.</p> Fuad Abdo Ahmed AS-Subaihi Abdulazize Omer Bazohair Anwar Khadher Mohammed Sultan Abdulrab Qaid Copyright (c) 2023 Fuad Abdo Ahmed AS-Subaihi, Abdulazize Omer Bazohair, Anwar Khadher Mohammed, Sultan Abdulrab Qaid https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 4 4 286 294 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.294 PREVALENCE OF POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN GYNECOLOGIC SURGERY https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/295 <p>The prevalence of surgical complications in gynecological surgery varies depending on the population. The time of occurrence of complications may range from the time of surgery itself to several weeks after the procedure. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of postoperative complications after gynecologic surgeries and to identify the common complications after gynecologic surgeries. This is a cross sectional hospital based study included 200 patients underwent various types of gynecologic procedures in Al-Sadaqa Teaching Hospital in Aden, from Jan.1<sup>st</sup> to Dec. 31<sup>st</sup>, 2020. The study included patients from 13 years to 80 years (mean age: 43.7 ± 13.2 years), subjected to any type of gynecologic procedures (major or minor) during the study period. The prevalence of postoperative complications after gynecology surgery was (30.5%) with minor more than major complications (86.9% vs. 13.1). Common complications were pain at site of operation (24.6%), fever (12.3%), nausea and vomiting (19.7%), SSI (8.2%), URTI (6.6%), and hematoma (4.9%). Significant higher percentage of postoperative complications were reported in association with major surgeries than with minor surgeries (95.1% vs. 4.9%, respectively) (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05). Among major gynecologic surgeries, the common postoperative complications were reported significantly in association with abdominal hysterectomy (29.3%), vaginal hysterectomy (20.7%), uterine myomectomy (17.2%) and Colporrhaphy (12.1%). Among minor gynecologic surgeries, the common postoperative complications were reported in association with dilatation and curettage for biopsy (66.7%) and Clitorial abscess drainage (33.3%). Other minor gynecologic surgeries did not show any association to postoperative complications. This study concluded that postoperative complications are common after gynecologic surgeries, so that operated women need to be fully investigated and evaluated prior to elective gynecologic surgeries.</p> Ikram Abdullnabi Al-Khader Ahmed Dikra Waheeb Mohamed Jaffar Copyright (c) 2023 Ikram Abdullnabi Al-Khader Ahmed, Dikra Waheeb Mohamed Jaffar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 4 4 295 304 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.295 EVALUATION OF NUCLEAR RADIATION SHIELDING BEHAVIOR AND STRUCTURE PROPERTIES OF NOVEL \(B_2O_3-Na_2O-K_2O-xBi_2O_3\) GLASSES https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/296 <p>It was studied in this research the nuclear radiation shielding behavior and structure properties of the four glass samples which were composed of (80-x) B<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>-10Na<sub>2</sub>O-10K<sub>2</sub>O-xBi<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> (x=0, 15, 30, 45 mol%) and were prepared using the melt-quenching technique. The studied samples were symbolized as Bi0.0, Bi0.15, Bi0.30, and Bi0.45 according to the Bi<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3 </sub>content values. The nuclear shielding properties have been calculated by the Phy-X/PSD program in the photon energy from 0.015 to 15 MeV. The results indicated that the values of mass attenuation coefficient (MAC) ranged from 4.2 to 88.5 cm<sup>2</sup>/g, linear attenuation coefficient (LAC) values ranged from 8.99 to 429.99 cm<sup>-1</sup>, half-value layer (HVL) values decreased from 0.077 to 0.002 cm, tenth value layer (TVL) values decreased from 1.570 to 0.020 cm, mean free path (MFP) values decreased from 0.682 to 0.009 cm, effective atomic number (Z<sub>eff</sub>) values ranged from 12.9 to 77.5, effective electron density (N<sub>eff</sub>) values ranged from 5.00 × 10<sup>23</sup> to 8.60×10<sup>23</sup> electrons/g, atomic and electron cross-sections (ACS and ECS) values ranged from 1.09 × 10<sup>-22</sup> to 7.98 × 10<sup>-21</sup> cm<sup>2</sup>/g and from 8.47 × 10<sup>-24</sup> to 1.03 × 10<sup>-22</sup> cm<sup>2</sup>/g respectively. The effective neutron removal cross-section (Ʃ<sub>R</sub>) values for prepared samples were also calculated. The results indicated that the addition of bismuth oxide leads to an improvement in the nuclear shielding properties of the prepared glass and showed that the sample Bi0.45 has the best nuclear shielding properties than concrete and commercial glasses.</p> Dua'a Anis Taya Adel A. M. Saeed Emran Eisa Saleh Copyright (c) 2023 Dua'a Anis Taya, Adel A. M. Saeed, Emran Eisa Saleh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 305 313 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.296 EFFECT OF AQUEOUS VITEX Angus-Cactus EXTRACT ON BODY WEIGHT, HAEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF CHICKEN https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/297 <p>The current study aims to investigate the effect of the Vitex Angus-cactus leaves extract on body weight, haematological and biochemical of chicken. The chicken was divided into four groups. The first group was given orally 5mg, the second 10 mg, the third 15 mg dose of Vitex extract every day for a period of 30 days and the fourth group served as a control group<strong>. </strong>The result revealed an increase in the body weight of treated chicken by 11.76 % at a 15 mg dose of Vitex extract compared to the control group. Non-significant increase was in haemoglobin (Hb) amount and the total erythrocyte (RBC) count, while white blood cells (WBC) decreased significantly in treated chicken. The plasma aspartate aminotranseferase (AST) was decreased significantly at all doses of vitex extract and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increased by 41% only at 15 mg dose of extract. The plasma urea level does not changed by treatment in comparison to the control group. The total serum testosterone was not detectable by treatment of 10 mg and 15 mg doses of Vitex extract. In conclusion, the treatment of chicken with some dose of Vitex leaf extract can improve their body weight and some haematological and biochemical parameters.</p> Wafa Thabet Wafa Thabet Khaled Saeed Alsweedi Saeed Salem Mohammed Copyright (c) 2023 Wafa Thabet Wafa Thabet, Khaled Saeed Alsweedi, Saeed Salem Mohammed https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 314 317 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.297 THE EFFECT OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LEAF POWDER ON THE PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF BROILERS IN THE SUMMER https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/298 <p>The experiment was carried out in the barn of the Animal Production Department, Nasser College of Agricultural Sciences, University of Aden. The study aimed to determine the effect of Moringa leaf powder on some characteristics of the productivity of broilers in the summer. The experiment was conducted on 120 broilers of the unsexed (Ross) breed, one day old, distributed.&nbsp; Randomly into four at levels (0, 3, 6 and 10 g/kg) represented by treatments T1, T2, T3, and T4, respectively, with three replicates for each treatment, with ten chickens in each replicate. The experiment continued for 35 days.&nbsp; The results showed that there were significant differences (P&lt;0.05) in the Moringa treatments T2, T3, and T4, where an increase in body weight and the amount of feed consumed was observed, and the feed conversion factor decreased significantly compared to the T1 treatment, while the difference was not significant in the mortality rate and productivity per square meter.</p> Mazen Nasser Ali Nasser Nawal Abdo Mohammed Dormosh Copyright (c) 2023 Mazen Nasser Ali Nasser, Nawal Abdo Mohammed Dormosh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 318 322 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.298 TAXONOMIC REVISION OF Abutilon (Malvoideae) OF MALVACEAE SENSU LATO IN TOOR AL-BAHA DISTRICT, LAHEJ GOVERNORATE, YEMEN https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/299 <p>The current study presents a taxonomic revision of&nbsp;the genus <em>Abutilon</em>, subfamily Malvoideae, Malvaceae <em>s.l</em>.) in Toor Al-Baha district, Lahij Governorate, Yemen, during May 2009 to November 2021, based on about 63 specimens was conducted. Four species were recognized to the study area (<em>A. bidentatum</em>, <em>A. figarianum</em>, <em>A. fruticosum</em>, <em>A. graveolens</em>). The morphological characteristics of the vegetative and reproductive parts were proved to have high taxonomic significance in distinguishing between four species belonging to the genus of <em>Abutilon</em>. An artificial key to the four species, full species descriptions, photos, updated names, synonymy, local names.</p> Othman Saad Saeed Al-Hawshabi Copyright (c) 2023 Othman Saad Saeed Al-Hawshabi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 323 332 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.299 EFFECTIVE OF SOME PLANT WATER EXTRACTS AGAINST THE GROWTH OF Aspergellus niger FUNGUS THAT CAUSES BLACK ROT IN ONIONS IN VIVO https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/300 <p>The experiment was carried out in the Microbiology Department laboratory- Supreme Board of Drugs and Medical Appliances- Aden/ Yemen during the period July February, March and April 2023. To find out the effectiveness of four concentrations of water extracts of <em>Nerium</em> <em>oleander</em> leaves, 5, 10, 15, and 20%, on the fungus <em>Aspergillus</em> <em>niger</em>, the Nerium <em>oleander</em> leaf extract with a concentration of 20% was the most effective. In a control, the fungus colony growth diameter reached 90 mm after 7 days of incubation. In another experiment, testing the effect of water extracts of <em>Mentha longifolia</em> leaves on the same fungus at the same concentrations (5, 10, 15, 20%). At the highest effective concentration of 20%, the fungus colony growth diameter did not exceed 38 mm, and the percentage of inhibition reached 57.7% compared to the control, in which the fungus colony growth diameter reached 90 mm after 7 days of incubation.</p> Mohammed Ali Al-Sunaidi Saadiah Awad Nasser Ahmed Copyright (c) 2023 Mohammed Ali Al-Sunaidi, Saadiah Awad Nasser Ahmed https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 333 337 BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS IN HADHRAMOUT GOVERNORATE-YEMEN https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/301 <p>Bacterial conjunctivitis is one of the most commonly encountered eye complications in medicine, particularly in developing nations. In Hadhramout Governorate-Yemen, there is no data about bacterial conjunctivitis among patients.&nbsp; The present study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of bacterial conjunctivitis among patients seeking hospitals in Hadhramout Governorate, Yemen.<strong>&nbsp;</strong> A total of 1722 eye swabs were collected from patients attending different Hadhramout hospitals over a period of April to December 2018. The isolation and identification of bacteria are performed using standard bacteriological procedures. In addition, structured questionnaires were used to gather data from patients.&nbsp;Out of 1722 eye swabs, 198 (11.49%) were positive for bacterial conjunctivitis, while 1524 (88.5%) were negative. The high prevalence rate of infection was among female participants and the age group between 31 and 40 years, at 15.25% and 29.29%, respectively. In addition, the prevalence of gram-positive bacteria was significantly greater among study patients than gram-negative bacteria (58.59% vs. 41.41%). The most predominant Gram-positive bacteria were&nbsp;<em>Staphylococcus aureus</em>&nbsp;(26.26%), followed by&nbsp;<em>Streptococci pneumoniae</em>&nbsp;(17.18%), Alpha-hemolytic <em>Streptococci </em>(8.08%), and&nbsp;<em>Staphylococcus epidermidis </em>(7.07%). Whereas the gram-negative bacteria were <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em>&nbsp;(12.1%), followed by&nbsp;<em>Moraxella catarrhalis</em> (10.1%), <em>Haemophilus influenza</em> (7.07%),&nbsp;<em>Klebsiella&nbsp;</em>sp. (6.06%), <em>Enterobacter agglomerans </em>(4.04%), and<em>&nbsp;Neisseria gonorrhoeae&nbsp;</em>(2.02%). Additionally, the majority of study patients suffered from red eyes (100%), tearing eyes (93.93%), itching (90.9%), painful eyes (87.87%), purulent eyes (56.56%), and eye discharge (38.38%). The prevalence rate of bacterial conjunctivitis among patients in Hadhramout, Yemen, is relatively low compared with international investigations. Further investigation is required to assess and identify the antibiotic resistance to these agents that cause conjunctivitis.</p> Wedad M. Al-Haik Ahmed M. Al-Haddad Wadhah H. Edrees Ali G. Al-Kaf Ahmed M. Abdulkareem Copyright (c) 2023 Wedad M. Al-Haik, Ahmed M. Al-Haddad, Wadhah H. Edrees, Ali G. Al-Kaf, Ahmed M. Abdulkareem https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 4 4 338 346 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.301 ROLE OF GLYCATED HEMOGLOBIN (HbA1c) ON SEVERITY OF ISCHEMIC STROKE IN PATIENTS WITH (TYPE1AND 2) DIABETES MELLITUS https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/302 <p>Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that can interact with atherosclerosis in ischemic strokes to initiate, activate and propagate vascular events. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) has emerged as a useful biochemical marker reflecting the average glycemic control over the last 3 months, its prognostic value in the acute neurological conditions such as stroke is still not well-established. To study the effect of glycemic status (HbA1c) on severity of acute ischemic stroke in patients with diabetes (type1 and 2) at admission. This was a prospective cross sectional, hospital-based study done at Aden public and private hospitals for a period of thirteen months (January 2020 to February 2021). We evaluated 75 diabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke which was confirmed by brain computed tomography (CT scan). All subjects had blood hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measured at admission. They were classified into two groups according to the level of HbA1c: good glycemic control group ((GGC)) HbA1c&lt;7.0% and poor glycemic control group((PGC))<em>) </em>HbA1c ≥7). Neurological impairment was evaluated by using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). A higher percentage of patients (84%) with acute ischemic stroke had elevated HbA1C levels (≥7), High percentage of patients in PGC (66.7%) as well as who were in GGC (75%) had moderate to severe stroke (NIHSS &gt;8). The association between stroke severity and HbA1C levels on admission was statistically not significant (P value&gt; 0.05). We found that HbA1c cannot be used for predication of severity in diabetic patients with ischemic stroke. Our results provide evidence that although chronic hyperglycemia increases risk of stroke, it is not associated with increased stroke severity.</p> Arig Shakeel Hussein Ahmed Saeed Almansoob Copyright (c) 2023 Arig Shakeel Hussein, Ahmed Saeed Almansoob https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 347 356 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.302 THE EFFECT OF THE SEASON ON THE RATE OF SPEECH AND INTERNAL REVOLUTIONS OF THE MEAT ROSS https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/303 <p>Two trials were carried out In Summer and winter during the period from 22/7/2022 to 25/8/2022 Period 2/2/2023 to 8/3/2023 m. In poultry barn on the animal production section of Nasser Faculty of Agricultural Sciences - University of Aden in the Directorate of Al-Hawat M / Lahj, where 90 was used for Meat Meat from Commercial Hybrid ROSS One, and non-natural experience. The random fry was distributed on 9 equal duplicate devices for each x 3 m2 = 3 m 2, and in the reality of 10 for each repeater. The results of this study showed that the season has a moral influence (P &lt;0.05) on the rates of the winter and summer rate, with 70.39 and 69.65 % at five weeks, respectively. The results also showed that the season of the effect of P &lt;0.05)) on the heart and spleen hundred and summer and summer, with (8.64-5.38), (23.52-29.99), (- 47.99 31.03) 2.096 - 3.183 (JM / respectively at the age of five weeks, and also the Impact of the season on the heat of the frying body Have disaggregated In winter about the summer has reached 41.079-40.673 m respectively with a 5 weeks.</p> Mazen Nasser Ali Nasser Sawsan Muhammad Abd al-Rab Al-Shuaibi Copyright (c) 2023 Mazen Nasser Ali Nasser, Sawsan Muhammad Abd al-Rab Al-Shuaibi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 357 360 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.303 REDUCTION RATE OF SOME HEAVY METAL IN DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS USING Pseudomonas aeruginosa ISOLATED FROM TENNARY WASTEWATER EFFLEUNT https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/304 <p>Industrial developments led to environmental pollution with toxic heavy metals which spreading all over the world. Heavy metal pollution, characterized by its heightened toxicity, resistance to biodegradation, and biological accumulation, has significantly jeopardized both human health and ecological stability. Microbial activities offer a potential avenue for immobilizing, removing, and detoxifying active heavy metal ions in the natural environment. This research aimed to study the ability of<em> Pseudomonas aeruginosa </em>in reducing the amount of Cd, Ni, Cr, Zn and Pb that found in tannery wastewater and to investigate its survivability in high concentrations of these metals.&nbsp; In this study <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em>, was isolated from tannery effluents wastewater. <em>Pseudomonas</em> <em>aeruginosa</em> has been incubated in medium contained 50, 100, 300, 500 and 1000 ppm of Cd, Ni, Cr, Zn and Pb for 6, 12 and 24hrs at 37 °C. Results showed that <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em> was able to cause a significant reduction of Cd, Ni, Cr, Zn and Pb at incubation time of 24 hours at concentration of 50, 100 and 300 ppm ,the reduction level for&nbsp; Ni were (96.5%, 96.2% and 96.4 %)&nbsp; respectively, Cd (76.4%, 82.1% and 83.8 % )respectively, Cr showed reduction rates of ( 97.7% , 99.4% and 99.1%) respectively,&nbsp; Pb ( 87.3% ,91.9% and 89.6%) respectively, and (82%, 87.6% and 80.1 %) respectively for Zn,&nbsp; <em>Pseudomonas</em> <em>aeruginosa</em>&nbsp; was not able to grow at concentration level of 500 and 1000 ppm for Cd, Ni, Cr, Zn and Pb. These results indicated that <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em> is able to survive in tannery effluents wastewater containing high levels of Cd, Ni, Zn, Cr and Pb. Therefore, more research is recommended to study the ability of this species to remove Cd, Ni, Cr, Zn and Pb in different conditions.</p> Nahla A. M. Ibrahim Sanaa Osman Yagoub Copyright (c) 2023 Nahla A. M. Ibrahim, Sanaa Osman Yagoub https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 4 4 361 369 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.304 MANUAL VACUUM ASPIRATION VERSUS DILTATION AND CURETTGE TERMINATION OF FIRST TRIMESTER ABORTION AMONG WOMEN ADMITTED AL-SADAQA TEATCHING HOSPITAL, ADEN JAN1st DECEMBER 31st 2020 https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/305 <p>Early pregnancy failure is a medical complication and major health problem across the globe. The aim of this study is to compare manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) and dilatation and curettage (D&amp;C) for first trimester abortion, in terms of the efficiency of eliminating retain product of conceptus, frequency of complications, duration of the procedure, and duration of patients' hospitalization. This is a prospective comparative descriptive study performed at Al-Sadaqa Teaching Hospital. Over a period from 1<sup>st</sup> Jan 2020 to 31<sup>st</sup> December 2020, a total of 143 women, these patients either MVA group (n=72) or D&amp;C group (n=71). Presented with spontaneous abortion and gestational age less than 12 weeks, patent cervix, and no signs of septic abortion, hemoglobin ≥9 g/dl and no bleeding disorder. Data was collected on prescribed questionnaire. The total number of abortion 637 in compare to 259 (40.7%) patient with first trimester abortion,&nbsp; 143 patients&nbsp; was included in this study, MVA group (n =72) and D&amp;C group (n=71).&nbsp; The distribution in respect to the age, parity &amp; gestational age was similar in both groups.&nbsp; The mean duration of procedure was significantly higher (P&lt;0.05) in D&amp;C group compared to MVA group. The duration of hospital stay was significantly lower (P&lt;0.05) in MVA group compared to D&amp;C group. MVA group showed the least incidence of complications regarding the amount of blood loss, and cervical laceration. Complete evacuation was achieved in 95.8% in MVA vs. 98.6% in D&amp;C group with no statically significant (P=0.304). MVA is as effective as popular dilatation and curettage for treatment of early pregnancy failure while it need less time consuming, requires a shorter hospital stay and subsequently costs less. It does not require general anesthesia and complication rate is less than dilatation and curettage. So it can be easily accessible to the woman of both rural and urban societies belonging to any socioeconomic strata especially where high tech equipment and power supply are not available.</p> Rasha Mohammed Ali Al-Daweel Nahla Saleh Al-Kaaky Copyright (c) 2023 Rasha Mohammed Ali Al-Daweel, Nahla Saleh Al-Kaaky https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 370 376 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.305 THE KEYS TO A SUCCESSFUL ROOT CANAL TREATMENT https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/306 <p>Failure of root canal treatment (RCT) occurs when endodontic treatment falls short of standard&nbsp;clinical guidelines. An improper mechanical debridement (shaping and cleaning), persistence of bacteria inside the canals and apex, poor obturation quality, coronal leakage, and experience&nbsp;of dentists all probably&nbsp;influence the RCT success or failure. Although there is substantial success of RCT, failures take place in many cases, which usually could be related to the previously mentioned factors. So, it’s considerably imperative to stop the foremost potential factors that cause RCT failure. This paper reviews how to increase the success rate of the RCT.</p> Nashwan Abdullah Al-Afifi Samah Mohammed Al-Amery Copyright (c) 2023 Nashwan Abdullah Al-Afifi , Samah Mohammed Al-Amery https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 377 383 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.306 POSTTERM PREGNANCY: MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOMES https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/307 <p>Postterm Pregnancy is one of the commonest obstetric conditions which associated with an increased risk of fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity as well as an&nbsp;&nbsp; increased maternal morbidity. The aim of the present study is to determine the maternal and fetal outcomes of postterm pregnancy at Al-Sadaqa Teaching Hospital. A prospective case–control study was conducted at Al-Sadaqa Teaching Hospital, Aden from January 1<sup>st</sup> to December 31<sup>th</sup> 2020. Cases were considered postterm pregnancy (≥ 42 weeks) while control term pregnancy (37weeks - 41weeksand 6 days). Significant association between gestational age and the studied variables of postterm and term pregnancy were analyzed using appropriate statistical methods. A total of 185 cases of postterm pregnancy and 370 control group of term birth, the frequency of postterm pregnancy was (2.78%), we found statistically significant association between some of socio-demographic factors and postterm pregnancy, cesarean section was higher in postterm group (OR 2.80) with the indications were cephalopelvic disproportion (OR 12.38). Maternal complications were significantly association to postterm birth like prolonged labor (OR 12.99) and postpartum hemorrhage (OR 8.32). Regarding to fetal outcomes, Postterm pregnancy has showed a significant association with neonatal low Apgar score(p=0.000), Oligohydramnios (OR 42.24) asphyxia (OR 2.86), meconium aspiration (OR 9.41) and Perinatal death (p value 0.012). This study concluded that postterm pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal outcomes such as, prolonged labor and postpartum hemorrhage, and associated with adverse fetal outcomes like oligohydramnios, asphyxia and meconium aspiration syndrome. The outcome of prolonged pregnancy can be improved by proper counselling for follow up during pregnancy and proper monitoring and appropriate management during labor.</p> Rina Ali Al-Genedy Entesar Mohammed Qushash Copyright (c) 2023 Rina Ali Al-Genedy, Entesar Mohammed Qushash https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 384 392 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.307 PREVALENCE OF PREGNANT WOMEN WITH OLIGOHYDRAMNIOS AND ITS EFFECT ON MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOME https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/308 <p>Oligohydramnios is a pregnancy condition characterized by low volume of amniotic fluid. Based on ultrasound measurement, it is defined as an amniotic fluid index (AFI) ≤ 5cm and associated with adverse fetal and maternal outcomes. To study the prevalence of oligohydramnios and its effect on maternal and fetal outcome in third trimester (≥ 28 weeks) of pregnant women admitted at AL-Sadaqa Teaching Hospital in the period of study from 1<sup>st</sup> January to 31<sup>st</sup> December 2020. This study is a prospective descriptive study was performed at AL-Sadaqa Teaching Hospital, Gynecology and Obstetrics Department among 100 pregnant women in third trimester diagnosed as oligohydramnios by ultrasound (AFI≤ 5cm). The results were analyzed by using the statistical package social software (SPSS), version 25. The study showed the prevalence of oligohydramnios during study period was (1.5%), and the mean age of the affected women was 27.72 ± 6.8 years. The half of the cases were in age group between 20-29 years (50%) and the gestational age were between 37-40 weeks (50%), and slightly more than half of the women were nulliparous (58%). The rate of caesarean section was (56%), and the most indication for cesarean section was fetal distress (42.9%). The fetal complications showed in this study were low birth weight (40%), preterm birth (27%) and meconium aspiration (11%). The Apgar score &lt;7 in 5<sup>th</sup> minutes was (17%) of the newborns and the rate of perinatal mortality was (7%). The prevalence of oligohydramnios in this study was (1.5%) which is within the normal limit worldwide. The study showed that the oligohydramnios in a pregnant woman has many complications for the fetus as well as the mother, but it more dangerous for the fetus. For mother there is increase intervention in the form of induction of labor and cesarean delivery. An early detection of oligohydramnios, identification of the risk factors and its management may help in reduction of these complications.</p> Fatima Kassim Abdullah Huda Abood Ahmed Copyright (c) 2023 Fatima Kassim Abdullah, Huda Abood Ahmed https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 393 400 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.308 REASONS OF ANTIBIOTIC SELF-MEDICATION AMONG COMMUNITY PHARMACIES CUSTOMERS ADEN\YEMEN, 2022 https://www.ejua.net/index.php/EJUA-BA/article/view/309 <p>Self-medication with antibiotic is a public health problem of great concern, that causes antibiotics&nbsp; resistance that&nbsp;&nbsp; is&nbsp; a critical&nbsp; problem worldwide. In Yemen, the quality of the health services&nbsp; and health polices are far from satisfactory, therefore the antibiotics Self-medication is high among the population. This research&nbsp; aimed to identify&nbsp; the reasons, forcing&nbsp; the community toward Antibiotics Self-Medication. A community-based cross-sectional study&nbsp; was conducted from September till December 2022 in&nbsp; community pharmacies of four randomly selected districts in Aden governates/ Yemen. A total of 655 participants were randomly selected and a structured interview questionnaire was used to collected data from the respondents through face-to-face interviews. Data were checked, cleaned, and entered to the SPSS version 23 for analysis. The most important reason that forced the participants to self-medication&nbsp; with antibiotics was the cost of consultant 51.6%, followed by emergency illness ,and proximity of the pharmacy to home, comprised 47.8%, and 32.4% respectively. On the other hand, delaying of the hospital services was considered the weakest reason. Dissemination of the finding of this study about the reasons that forced the community to antibiotics self medication&nbsp; is essential to policy development to help the relevant decision makers to develop regulations&nbsp; about antibiotics dispensing.</p> Saba A. Mohammed Mohammed A. Hadi Sena A. Yousef Copyright (c) 2023 Saba A. Mohammed, Mohammed A. Hadi , Sena A. Yousef https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-01-03 2024-01-03 4 4 401 407 10.47372/ejua-ba.2023.4.309